Notes to the Consolidated Financial
Statements 2022 of the Mikron Group

1. General information

1.1 Business operations
Mikron Holding AG and its subsidiaries (together the Mikron Group) develop, produce and market highly precise, productive, and adaptable automation solutions, machining systems and cutting tools. Rooted in the Swiss culture of innovation, the Group is a global leading partner to companies in the automotive, pharmaceutical, medtech, consumer goods, writing instruments and watchmaking industries.

The two business segments, Mikron Automation and Mikron Machining Solutions are based in Switzerland (Boudry and Agno). The company has additional production facilities in Germany, Singapore, Lithuania, China and the US. The 1,400 employees of the Mikron Group can draw on over 100 years of experience in the production of high-precision systems for large-series product manufacture. Mikron Holding AG shares are traded on SIX Swiss Exchange (MIKN).

1.2 Basis of preparation
The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Swiss GAAP FER as a whole, including Swiss GAAP FER 31, applying the principle of historical cost accounting. Exceptions to this rule are deferred taxes that are calculated from valuation differences or tax loss carry-forwards and the applicable tax rate, marketable securities reported as current assets, derivative financial instruments and investment properties, which are reported at fair values.

1.3 Events after the balance sheet date
The Board of Directors approved the consolidated financial statements at its meeting of 8 March 2023. The approval of the consolidated financial statements by the Annual General Meeting is scheduled for 26 April 2023.

2. Significant accounting policies

2.1 Consolidation

2.1.1 Scope and method of consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include Mikron Holding AG, Biel, and all Swiss and foreign subsidiaries which the parent company, directly or indirectly, controls either by holding more than 50% of the voting rights or by some other form of control. These entities are fully consolidated. All intercompany transactions and relations between the consolidated companies are offset against each other and eliminated. Profits on intercompany transactions are eliminated. Capital consolidation is based on the purchase method applied to the annual financial statements of all consolidated entities, prepared as at December 31 and determined according to uniform accounting policies. The Mikron Group does not have any shareholdings with voting power of less than 50% (prior year: none). The list of Group companies can be found on page 120. In the year under review there were no changes (prior year: two) in the group of consolidated companies. The merge of the four Swiss entities into one had no impact on the scope of consolidation.

2.1.2 Acquisition of Group companies
New companies acquired by the Mikron Group are reported in the consolidated financial statements from the date of obtaining control. The net assets acquired are valued at actual values and consolidated applying the purchase method. Intangible assets not previously capitalized are not valued or recognized. Any difference between the higher purchase price and the net assets acquired (goodwill) is offset against shareholders’ capital.

2.2 Segment reporting
The Mikron Group is organized by business segments which are grouped according to the types of products and services they provide.

For the purposes of reporting, the following business segments have been identified:

  • The Mikron Machining Solutions segment comprises the two divisions Mikron Machining and Mikron Tool. The Mikron Machining division is the leading supplier of customized, highly productive machining systems for the manufacturing of complex high-precision components made of metal such as turbocharger housings, injection nozzles and ballpoint pen tips. The Mikron Tool division develops and produces the therefore necessary high-performance cutting tools. These are regarded as some of the best in the world and are also used on other manufacturers’ machines. To date, Mikron Machining Solutions has developed and commissioned over 7,000 machining systems. Its international customers operate in the following industries: automotive, electronics and telecommunications, medtech, consumer goods, construction/building and pneumatics and hydraulics. Mikron Machining Solutions employs around 550 people and is headquartered in Agno (Switzerland). It also has sites in Rottweil (Germany), Monroe (USA) and Shanghai (China).
  • Mikron Automation is the leading partner for scalable and customized assembly systems – from the first idea to the highest performance solutions. Mikron’s expertise and proven track record guarantee the most productive solution to assemble customer products at each stage of their lifecycle. To date, Mikron Automation has installed more than 3,500 assembly and testing systems worldwide. Its international customers operate in the following markets: pharmaceutical, medtech, automotive, electrical/electronics, consumer goods and construction/building. Mikron Automation currently employs around 850 people and is headquartered in Boudry (Neuchâtel), a region that is regarded as the heart of the Swiss watchmaking industry. It also has sites in Kaunas (Lithuania), Denver (USA), Singapore and Shanghai (China).
  • The Corporate Service segment reports information on Mikron’s holding, management and finance companies. The Corporate Service supports the individual Group companies as well as the Board of Directors and Group Management in their management and control functions. It also reports income and expenses related to a non-operating industrial property, which is fully leased to third parties. Eliminations on Group level are presented together with the Corporate Service.

2.3 Foreign currency translation
Foreign currency transactions are translated into the local currency using the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation at year-end exchange rates are recognized in the income statement.

The consolidated financial statements are reported in Swiss francs. For consolidation purposes, assets and liabilities are translated into Swiss francs at the exchange rates on the balance sheet date. The income statement and all cash flows are translated at average rates for each period. Differences between the translation of assets and liabilities and the income statement are recognized in equity. Exchange differences on long-term intra-Group loans with equity character are likewise taken directly to Group equity.

The most significant exchange rates for the Group in the year under review in Swiss francs were:

Currency Average rate Average rate Closing rate Closing rate
2022 2021 31.12.2022 31.12.2021
1 EUR 1.00 1.08 0.99 1.04
1 USD 0.95 0.92 0.93 0.92
1 SGD 0.69 0.68 0.69 0.68
1 CNY 0.14 0.14 0.13 0.14

2.4 Disclosure of related party transactions
Related parties are defined as companies or persons that exercise significant influence over Mikron or that are controlled by the Group. The Ammann Group, the Board of Directors, Group Management and the pension fund of Mikron Group are defined as related parties. All significant transactions, outstanding balances and if applicable contingent liabilities are disclosed in note 6.4 to the consolidated financial statements.

2.5 Assets and liabilities

2.5.2 Financial assets
Marketable securities, derivative financial instruments and term deposits with maturities of more than 90 days are reported as current financial assets. As all marketable securities are investments of excess cash that are available for sale, they are considered to be current financial assets independent of any maturity longer than one year. Term deposits are valued at nominal value less any impairment. Marketable securities and derivative financial instruments are measured at fair value and any changes in fair value are presented in the financial result.

2.5.4 Inventories
Raw materials and other supplies, as well as goods purchased, are carried at weighted average cost, and finished products at the lower of costs of conversion (standard costs), including directly attributable production costs, or fair value less costs to sell. Settlement discounts are recognized as financial income. Additionally, down-payments from customers are disclosed as a deduction and prepayments to suppliers as an increase of inventories. Provisions are made for slow-moving items. Obsolete items are written off.

2.5.6 Tangible assets
Property consists of production and office buildings. Tangible assets are measured at historical cost and depreciated over their estimated useful lives. The exception to the rule is land, which is not depreciated. Added value expenses are capitalized and depreciated over the corresponding useful life. Expenditure on repairs, maintenance and replacements is charged directly to the income statement.

The straight-line depreciation rates are determined by the expected useful life, taking into account operational use and technical ageing. The estimated useful life is as follows:

Real estate 30–45
Leasehold improvements over the duration of the lease agreement
Equipment and installations 12–25
Furniture 8–12
Machinery 5–10
Other 2–7

2.5.7 Intangible assets
Items which qualify as intangible assets mainly comprise development costs, purchased software and patents.

Development costs relating to new or significantly improved products and processes are capitalized only when they are technically and commercially feasible and when the Group has sufficient resources for their implementation. Expenses related to smaller development projects or early stage developments as well as product maintenance are taken to the income statement as an expense. Capitalized development costs are recognized at cost less accumulated amortizations and impairments (see note 2.5.9). The maximum estimated useful life is 5 years.

Other intangible assets are reported in the balance sheet at acquisition value less accumulated amortizations and impairments (see note 2.5.9). The estimated useful life of software is basically 3 to 5 years, for ERP licenses up to 10 years and for patents 5 to 10 years.

2.5.8 Investment property
Property held as a financial investment includes production and office buildings which are rented out to third parties. Investment properties are reported at market value. The Mikron Group currently owns a property in Nidau, Switzerland, with a market value of CHF 27.5 million as at 31 December 2022. The fair value of the property is reviewed annually as per the balance sheet date and adjusted if necessary. Revaluations are recognized in the income statement.

2.5.9 Impairment of non-current assets
Tangible and intangible assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstance indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized at the amount by which an asset’s carrying value exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset’s net selling price and its value in use (net present value of estimated future cash flows). The recoverable amount is determined for each asset separately or, where this is not possible, for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. A reversal of impairment is recognized if the review of the recoverable amount reveals none or only a reduced impairment.

2.5.10 Lease contracts
Agreements that substantially transfer all the risks and rewards of ownership to the lessee are accounted for as finance leases. Assets held under finance leases are recognized as tangible assets at the lower of fair value at the time of acquisition and the net present value of the future lease payments. The corresponding liability to the lessor is included in the balance sheet as a financial liability. Lease payments are apportioned between financial expenses and reduction of the lease obligation. Assets under finance leases are amortized over their estimated useful lives.

Operating lease payments are treated as operating expenses and charged to the income statement as incurred.

2.5.11 Payables
Payables are measured at nominal values.

2.5.12 Financial liabilities
Short-term and long-term bank borrowings and loans are recognized at nominal value. Derivative financial instruments are measured at fair value and any changes in fair value are presented in the financial result.

2.5.13 Provisions
Provisions are recognized only if the company has a present obligation to a third party as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, and the obligation can be sufficiently reliably estimated. If the time factor has a significant impact the amount of the provision is discounted.

2.5.14 Deferred taxes
Deferred income taxes are recognized on temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the corresponding tax bases and are accounted for using the liability method. Deferred tax assets from capitalized tax loss carry-forwards are valued at the respective applicable tax rate. Deferred tax liabilities are generally recognized for all taxable temporary differences and deferred tax assets are only recognized to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profit will be available to offset against these assets.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are calculated at the rate that is expected to apply in the period when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that are valid at the balance sheet date.

2.5.15 Employee benefits
There are a number of employee benefit plans in existence within the Group, each of which is aligned with local conditions in the country in question. They are funded by means of contributions to legally independent employee benefit schemes (foundations, insurance). An annual evaluation is made to see if an economic benefit or an economic obligation exists for the Mikron Group. Any such amount would be recognized in the balance sheet. The net periodic expense to be recognized in the income statement is equal to the contributions made by the employer plus any changes to the economic benefit or obligation.

2.6 Income statement 2.6.1 Revenue recognition Net sales comprise the sale of products as well as the rendering of services. Sales are recognized if it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Group and the amount can be estimated reliably. Sales revenue is recognized upon transfer of the risks and rewards of ownership of the goods to the client. Cash discounts granted to customers are treated as reduction of sales. Pro rata net sales and profits on projects for customer contracts are recognized in accordance with note 2.5.5 on the basis of the percentage of completion and of the estimated total profit for the project. Service sales are recognized when the intervention has been completed.

2.7 Share-based payments
No share purchase-plan is in place for Mikron Group employees. The Board of Directors is granted a fixed amount converted into shares as part of the annual compensation which are blocked for at least three years. A performance-based number of shares, measured against the financial mid-term plan, are granted to Group Management and other key personnel at no consideration, refer to note 4.3. The shares to be granted under the long-term incentive plan are valuated with the year-end share-price for accrual purposes and re-valuated with the share-price at the grant date. The shares under the long-term incentive plan are transferred to Group Management after approval by the General Meeting and are blocked for a period of at least three years. Refer to note 5.13 for shares granted to Group Management and the Board of Directors.

3. Risk Management

The Mikron Group applies a central risk assessment system which covers both strategic and operational risks. All identified risks are given a rating (based on probability of occurrence and extent of potential losses) and recorded in a risk inventory. Based on this risk inventory, the Board of Directors conducts a review, at least once a year, of whether the risk governance and reduction measures in place are adequate for the company’s needs. Ongoing monitoring of the risk inventory is the responsibility of Group Management.

Accounting and financial reporting risks are monitored and reduced through a suitable internal control system.

The Group’s activities expose it to a variety of financial risks: market risks (primarily foreign exchange risks), credit risks and liquidity risks. The Group’s financial risk management program focuses on reducing financial market risks with the potential to adversely affect its financial performance.

Financial risk management is carried out by the centralized Treasury department in close cooperation with the Group companies on the basis of guidelines issued by the Board of Directors.

3.1 Foreign exchange risks
The Group is globally active and conducts transactions in a variety of currencies. Exchange rate fluctuations can therefore have a significant impact on the result. Exchange rate risks exist in future business transactions, in assets and liabilities recognized on the balance sheet and in net investments in foreign companies with a functional currency other than the Swiss franc.

The Group companies’ currency risks stemming from future business transactions are consolidated by Group Treasury and hedged centrally. To neutralize the risk, income in a given foreign currency is offset against expenditure in the same currency. Group Treasury hedges economically between 25% and 100% of the net cash flows in prospect for the next 12 months for EUR and USD. Forward contracts are the main instrument used for hedging. Gains and losses arising from the valuation of forward contracts at fair value are recognized in the financial result. The Group does not apply hedge accounting.

The Group has investments in foreign operations, whose net assets are exposed to foreign currency translation risks. Currency exposure arising from the net assets of the Group’s foreign operations is managed primarily through borrowings denominated in the relevant foreign currencies.

The table below shows the impact at the balance sheet date of a possible shift in the most relevant foreign currency rates against the Swiss franc on the valuation of financial instruments including intra-Group receivables and liabilities. The indicated impacts are based on the assumption that the Swiss franc increases the value against the listed currencies. In the event of a devaluation of the Swiss franc, an inverse impact applies.

CHF 1,000 Possible shift in currency rates Impact on net earnings Impact on shareholders’ equity from translation adjustments
2022 2021 2022 2021
Euro (CHF/EUR) -10% -1,496 -292 -401 -207
SGD (CHF/SGD) -10% -988 -942 416 484
US dollar (CHF/USD) -10% -1,017 -1,047 -4,469 -3,743

3.2 Interest rate risks
Interest rate risks result from changes in interest rates which could have a negative impact on the Group’s financial position, cash flow and earnings situation. Interest rate exposure is basically limited, owing to the low level of external financing and the conservative investment policy. The interest rate exposure is managed centrally. As at 31 December 2022 and 2021 respectively, no derivative financial instruments were being held to hedge any interest rate risks.

3.3 Price risks
The consolidated financial statements report at year-end short-term financial assets mainly related to high-quality Swiss franc bonds with a maturity of up to five years, which are measured at fair value. As a result of the short duration, price changes are reduced but could nevertheless significantly impact the financial income of the Group at the balance sheet date. The Group currently has no financial instruments which are exposed to changes in commodity prices.

3.4 Credit risks
Credit risks arise from the possibility that the counterparty to a transaction may not be able or willing to discharge their obligations, thereby causing the Group to suffer a financial loss. Counterparty risks are minimized by only concluding contracts with reputable business partners and financial institutions.

Relationships with customers are subject to credit checks. In addition, Group Management monitors outstanding payments on accounts receivable through monthly reporting procedures. The necessary allowances are made locally.

3.5 Liquidity risks
Liquidity risk is the risk that the Group will not be able to meet its financial obligations as they fall due. Prudent liquidity risk management includes maintaining sufficient cash and cash equivalents, the availability of funding from an adequate amount of committed credit facilities, and the ability to close out market positions. 

The required flexibility in funding for the project business of the Group is primarily achieved via ad- equate liquidity reserves. As at the end of the year, significant headroom (cash and cash equivalents, current financial assets and unused credit facilities) is available to the Mikron Group. A credit agreement worth CHF 50.0 million with a bank consortium exists, which is available for bank guarantees to secure advance payments from customers and for fixed advances. Under the credit agreement, it is also possible to additionally draw mortgage on two production facilities of up to CHF 20.0 million, of which none was drawn as at 31 December 2022 (prior year: none). At 31 December 2022, guarantees of CHF 37.3 million (prior year: CHF 21.2 million) were issued. A secured credit line of CHF 10.0 million on the investment property exists, which was not used at 31 December 2022 (prior year: none).

Group Management monitors the Group’s liquidity status on the basis of three months’ rolling cash flow forecasts.

The table below summarizes the maturity profile of the Group’s financial liabilities at the balance sheet date based on contractual undiscounted cash outflows. The undiscounted cash outflows only consider the repayments of the principal of the bank borrowings and of the principal of the finance lease liabilities excluding any interest payment.

CHF 1,000 Maturity Total and interest rate by currency
Note Less than 1 year 1–3 years 3–5 years Over 5 years CHF % EUR %
At 31.12.2021
Bank borrowings 5.10 400 800 800 1,600 3,600 1.0
Finance lease liabilities 5.10 1,709 2,254 150 0 2,929 1.9 1,184 2.0
Derivative financial instruments (notional amount) 6.1 14,152 0 0 0
Total 16,261 3,054 950 1,600
At 31.12.2022
Bank borrowings 5.10 400 800 800 1,200 3,200 1.0
Finance lease liabilities 5.10 1,376 941 58 0 1,851 1.7 524 1.5
Derivative financial instruments (notional amount) 6.1 19,055 0 0 0
Total 20,831 1,741 858 1,200

4. Details of the consolidated income statement

4.1 Net sales

CHF 1,000 2022 2021
Automation and machining systems (from customer projects) 200,144 185,429
Automation and machining systems (other) 54 30
Cutting tools 54,091 52,586
Service 55,153 51,410
Total net sales 309,442 289,455

4.2 Material costs and subcontractors

CHF 1,000 2022 2021
Raw materials and components -99,772 -83,508
Subcontractors -4,740 -4,267
Total material costs and subcontractors -104,512 -87,775

4.3 Personnel expenses

CHF 1,000 2022 2021
Salaries and wages -110,444 -103,675
Social charges -12,313 -12,026
Pension expenses -6,343 -6,061
Total personnel expenses -129,100 -121,762

The shares granted to Group Management and other key personnel in 2022 amounted to a total of CHF 0.5 million. For the number of shares allocated in 2022 refer to note 5.13. The Board of Directors will propose to the next Annual General Meeting an allocation of 30,185 shares to the members of Group Management as long-term incentive compensation related to the financial year 2022. The allocation of 64,223 shares to the other key personnel after the next Annual General Meeting was approved by the remuneration committee. The share price for the valuation at year-end was CHF 8.80. A total amount of CHF 0.4 million was expensed against equity (refer also to note 2.7 and the equity table).

In 2022, no short-time work compensation and government support was received (prior year: CHF 1.2 million).

4.4 Other operating income and expenses

CHF 1,000 2022 2021
Gain on sale of non-current assets 287 319
Other income 1,756 1,514
Total other operating income 2,043 1,833
Production- and project-related expenses, including shipping -11,982 -17,253
Marketing and sales -5,997 -3,998
Real estate -6,931 -7,527
Personnel-related expenses, including company cars -4,961 -3,970
Information technology -5,970 -6,017
Capital and other taxes (excl. income taxes) -1,092 -944
Loss on sale of non-current assets -8 -99
Other expenses -6,431 -6,586
Total other operating expenses -43,372 -46,394

The project-related expenses include the change in provision for future losses from customer ­projects (see note 5.4).

4.5 Financial result

CHF 1,000 2022 2021
Financial income 6,400 3,676
Financial expenses -7,239 -4,526
Total financial result -839 -850
Interest income 11 26
Interest expenses -101 -414
Total interest result -90 -388
Exchange gains 6,170 3,649
Exchange losses -6,446 -3,046
Other financial income 219 
Other financial expenses -692 -1,066
Total other financial result -749 -462
Total financial result -839 -850

4.6 Non-operating result

CHF 1,000 2022 2021
Rental income 1,562 748
Income from property-related services 891 663
Total non-operating income 2,453 1,411
Owner-related expenses -422 -712
Expenses for property-related services -920 -746
Total non-operating expenses -1,342 -1,458
Revaluation -429 -397
Total non-operating result 682 -444

4.7 Income taxes

CHF 1,0002022 2021 
Current income tax-2,758 -1,734 
Deferred income tax1,366 2,029 
Total income taxes-1,392 295 
Earnings before taxes25,593 16,715 
Income tax at average tax rates-4,78619%-3,47721%
Income tax at other rates-28 83 
Impact of non-capitalized loss carry-forwards444  -6,957 
Capitalization of tax losses586 11,052 
Tax credits2,096 572 
Change in tax rate45  -573 
Other taxable effects251 -405 
Total income taxes-1,3925% 295-2%

The applicable tax rate for the Group is 19% (prior year: 21%). This corresponds to the average income tax rates of the individual Group companies in each jurisdiction.

5. Details of the consolidated balance sheet

5.1 Financial assets

CHF 1,000 Note 31.12.2022 31.12.2021
Fixed-term deposits 35,000  0
Other current financial receivables 126 187
Derivative financial instruments 6.1 32 240 
Total current financial assets 35,158 427

The fixed-terms range from four to eight months.

5.2 Accounts receivable

CHF 1,000 31.12.2022 31.12.2021
Accounts receivable 23,468 20,254
Allowance for doubtful accounts -700 -636
Total accounts receivable 22,768 19,618

As at the balance sheet date, accounts receivable (including allowance for doubtful accounts) past due for 30 days and more amounted to CHF 4.3 million (prior year: CHF 2.6 million).

5.3 Inventories

CHF 1,000 31.12.2022 31.12.2021
Raw materials and components 31,635 22,854
Work in progress 14,318 14,613
Finished and trading goods 15,825 14,906
Prepayments to suppliers 6,863 4,844
Prepayments from customers -4,595 -3,777
Total inventories 64,046 53,440

The provision for slow-moving inventories amounts to CHF 21.9 million (prior year: CHF 21.1 million).

5.4 Customer projects

CHF 1,00031.12.202231.12.2021
Projects in progress – costs incurred190,895157,846
Recognized profits less recognized losses43,97734,020
Prepayments from customers-264,634-218,273
Total net assets and liabilities from customer projects-29,762-26,407
Net assets from customer projects51,57128,642
Net liabilities from customer projects-81,333-55,049
Total net assets and liabilities from customer projects-29,762-26,407

The stage of completion, determined by the costs incurred to date compared to the total estimated costs, was approximately 48% on 31 December 2022 (prior year: approximately 54%). At the balance sheet date, the Mikron Group had 239 projects in progress (prior year: 220 projects) with an average volume of CHF 2.0 million (prior year: CHF 1.6 million). As at 31 December 2022 there were no retentions by customers (prior year: none).

5.5 Tangible assets

CHF 1,000 Undeveloped real estate Real estate Machinery Equipment and installations Down payments and assets under construction Others Total
At cost
Balance at 01.01.2021 3,563 87,955 82,276 20,502 12,993 3,348 210,637
Additions 0 446 1,357 644 17,916 321 20,684
Transfers 0 150 1,063 8 -1,358 83 -54
Disposals 0 -553 -2,834 -2,759 0 -347 -6,493
Translation adjustments 13 343 -436 6 0 -53 -127
Balance at 31.12.2021 3,576 88,341 81,426 18,401 29,551 3,352 224,647
Additions 0 3,215 1,859 1,534 1,726 20 8,354
Transfers -70 27,405 844 1,093 -28,651 -570 51
Disposals 0 0 -1,788 -1,398 0 0 -3,186
Translation adjustments 5 143 -634 -101 -12 -109 -708
Balance at 31.12.2022 3,511 119,104 81,707 19,529 2,614 2,693 229,158
Accumulated depreciation
Balance at 01.01.2021 0 -59,669 -55,482 -17,198 0 -2,644 -134,993
Depreciation 0 -1,904 -3,995 -2,053 0 -162 -8,114
Transfers 0 0 225 -225 0 0 0
Disposals 0 465 2,488 2,687 0 347 5,987
Translation adjustments 0 -56 212 5 0 36 197
Balance at 31.12.2021 0 -61,164 -56,552 -16,784 0 -2,423 -136,923
Depreciation 0 -2,478 -3,946 -1,071 0 -154 -7,649
Transfers 0 -314 0 0 0 314 0
Disposals 0 0 1,751 1,348 0 0 3,099
Translation adjustments 0 -17 330 91 0 82 486
Balance at 31.12.2022 0 -63,973 -58,417 -16,416 0 -2,181 -140,987
Net book value
Balance at 31.12.2021 3,576 27,177 24,874 1,617 29,551 929 87,724
Balance at 31.12.2022 3,511 55,131 23,290 3,113 2,614 512 88,171
Of which finance leases
Balance at 31.12.2021 0 0 7,553 0 0 0 7,553
Balance at 31.12.2022 0 0 5,973 0 0 0 5,973

At the balance sheet date, the Group had entered into CHF 0.2 million of capital commitments to purchase tangible assets (prior year: CHF 0.3 million). In 2022, the Group acquired no tangible assets (prior year: CHF 0.5 million) on a financial leasing basis. The prior-year amount of the financial lease indication was adjusted to ensure consistency.

5.6 Intangible assets

CHF 1,000 Capitalized development costs Software Assets under construction Others Total
At cost
Balance at 01.01.2021 3,522 20,729 938 364 25,553
Additions 0 134 671 0 805
Transfers 0 351 -297 0 54
Disposals 0 -348 0 0 -348
Translation adjustments 17  -46 0 0 -29
Balance at 31.12.2021 3,539 20,820 1,312 364 26,035
Additions 0 215 144 0 359
Transfers 0 480 -531 0 -51
Disposals 0 -358 0 0 -358
Translation adjustments 29 -98 0 0 -69
Balance at 31.12.2022 3,568 21,059 925 364 25,916
Accumulated amortization
Balance at 01.01.2021 -3,522 -17,909 0 -364 -21,795
Amortization 0 -1,014 0 0 -1,014
Disposals 0 348 0 0 348
Translation adjustments -17 46 0 0 29
Balance at 31.12.2021 3,539 -18,529 0 -364 -22,432
Amortization 0 -966 0 0 -966
Disposals 0 358 0 0 358
Translation adjustments -29 96 0 0 67
Balance at 31.12.2022 -3,568 -19,041 0 -364 -22,973
Net book value
Balance at 31.12.2021 0 2,291 1,312 0 3,603
Balance at 31.12.2022 0 2,018 925 0 2,943
Of which finance leases
Balance at 31.12.2021 0 0 0 0 0
Balance at 31.12.2022 0 0 0 0 0

At the balance sheet date, the Group had not entered into any capital commitment to purchase intangible assets (prior year: none).

5.7 Investment property

CHF 1,000 2022 2021
Balance at 1 January 27,515 27,912
Capitalized expenditures 84 0
Revaluation -429 -397
Balance at 31 December 27,170 27,515
Original acquisition cost 62,477 62,393

The Mikron Group is the owner of a property in Switzerland (land and building) that is leased to third parties. Related income and expenses are reported in the non-operating result (see note 4.6). The property is reported at market value, last reviewed on 31 December 2022. The discounted cash flow method was used for the valuation. The valuation with the discounted cash flow method was supported by an additional valuation of the ongoing development project. A discount rate of 4.1% was applied (prior year: 3.9%). The original acquisition cost now reflects the full costs, the prior-year amount was adjusted accordingly.

At the balance sheet date, the Group had no (prior year: none) capital commitment in relation to the investment property.

5.8 Employee benefits

All employees in Switzerland are insured through the Mikron pension fund, which is a foundation under Swiss law and legally independent of the Mikron Group. With a few exceptions, all employees in Switzerland are obliged to join the pension fund. The contributions are based on the annual salary and are accumulated in individual retirement accounts. Upon retirement (at age 65 for men and 64 for women), a lump-sum benefit may be drawn. Otherwise, a pension is paid out on the basis of a specified conversion factor.

Economic benefit/economic obligation and pension expenses

CHF 1,000Surplus/
 Economic part of the organizationChange from prior
year in the current
result for the period
Contributions concerning
the business period
Pension institutions without
CHF 1,000Surplus/ deficit 31.12.2022 Economic part of the organizationChange from prior
year in the current
result for the period
Contributions concerning
the business period
expenses 2022
Pension institutions with surplus/deficit15,272000-4,956-4,956

The information on the economic benefit as at 31 December 2022 is based on the last annual financial statements of the Mikron pension fund preceding the balance sheet date, i.e. the financial statements as at 31 December 2021. As at 31 December 2021, the Mikron pension fund reported a coverage rate of 124.0% (prior year: 117.9%). According to the pension fund’s provisional accounts, the coverage rate is expected to have decreased by about -7% in the 2022 financial year. The number of active insureds increased in 2022 by about +8% (prior year: increase of about +1%). Contributions matched pension expenses during the relevant reporting period.

For the employees in countries other than Switzerland there are no material pension plans with an employer’s obligation to contribute except for state-run social insurance.

5.9 Deferred taxes

CHF 1,000 2022 2021
Statement of changes in deferred tax liabilities
Balance at 1 January 14,392 5,065
Set-up and reversal of temporary differences -2,292 8,766
Change in tax rate -16 573
Translation adjustments -4 -12
Balance at 31 December 12,080 14,392
Statement of changes in deferred tax assets
Balance at 1 January 16,551 5,126
Change in capitalized tax loss carry-forwards -6,473 11,322
Set up and reversal of temporary differences and change in tax credits 5,426  -30
Change in tax rate 28  0
Translation adjustments -80 133
Balance at 31 December 15,452 16,551

Deferred tax liabilities mainly result from temporary differences in the measurement of customer projects, the valuation of inventories and the market valuation of the investment property. The deferred tax liabilities from valuation differences are calculated at local tax rates. The weighted average tax rate is 20%.

The deferred tax assets of CHF 15.5 million (prior year: CHF 16.6 million) result from accumulated tax loss carry-forwards that were capitalized, valuation differences and available tax credits. Due to uncertainties that future taxable profit will be available to offset against these assets, tax loss carry-forwards amounting to CHF 19.0 million (prior year: CHF 15.2 million) were not capitalized. Applying local tax rates results in a maximum potential tax benefit from non-capitalized tax loss carry-forwards of CHF 4.7 million (prior year: CHF 3.4 million). The deferred tax assets from valuation differences are calculated at local tax rates. The weighted average tax rate is 25%.

5.10 Financial liabilities

CHF 1,000 31.12.202231.12.2021
Short-term financial liabilities   
Bank borrowings 400400
Finance lease liabilities 1,3761,709
Total short-term financial liabilities 1,7762,109
Long-term financial liabilities   
Bank borrowings 2,8003,200
Finance lease liabilities 9992,404
Total long-term financial liabilities 3,7995,604

The investment property and four of the production facilities were mortgaged for liquidity management purposes. The mortgage on one production facility was drawn down, while the draw-down of the mortgage for two further production facilities will happen only when cash needs arise. Additionally, there is a secured credit line on the investment property. Details of the mortgages are given in note 6.2. The leasing liabilities relate to purchased machines used in production.

CHF 1,000 31.12.2022 31.12.2021
Financial liabilities, expiring
– not later than 1 year 1,776 2,109
– later than 1 year but not later than 3 years 1,741 3,054
– later than 3 years 2,058 2,550
Total financial liabilities 5,575 7,713

The credit agreement with a bank consortium (refer to note 3.5) was signed in June 2020 and is valid until June 2025. The agreement secures financing in the form of bank guarantees (avals) and provides potentially required liquidity at standard market conditions. The contractual covenants have been met since the commencement of the agreement.

5.11 Provisions

CHF 1,000 Warranties Employee incentive Future costs for projects Restructuring Others Total
Short-term provisions
Balance at 01.01.2021 3,494 342 4,302 6,050 2,275 16,463
Additions 2,113 0 5,233 0 1,676 9,022
Utilization -805 -342 -786 -4,366 0 -6,299
Reversal -2,374 0 1,390 0 -10 -3,774
Reclassification long-/short-term 0 0 0 -142  0 -142
Translation adjustments  -22 0 20  -68 -2 -72
Balance at 31.12.2021 2,406 0 7,379 1,474 3,939 15,198
Additions 2,259 78  2,370 5 1,083 5,795
Utilization -1,066 0 -699 -25 -503  -2,293
Reversal -1,061 0 -5,167 -160  -543 -6,931
Translation adjustments -39 0 44 -73 -4 -159
Balance at 31.12.2022 2,499 78 3,839 1,221 3,973 11,610
Long-term provisions
Balance at 01.01.2021 0 180 0 638  0 818
Reversal 0 -180 0 0 0 -180
Reclassification long-/short-term 0 0 0 142  0 142
Translation adjustments 0 0 0 -30  0 -30 
Balance at 31.12.2021 0 0 0 750 0 750
Additions 0 66 0 0 0 66
Reversal  0 0 0 -11 0 -11
Translation adjustments 0 0 0 -37 0 -37
Balance at 31.12.2022 0 66 0 702 0 768

Warranty provisions are related to sales of products and services and are based on experience. The employee incentive provision was related to the long-term incentive plan. As the long-term incentive plan is now fully share-based, the provision was released, and the costs directly recognized against equity. Future costs relate to customer projects with final acceptance where remaining work is outstanding before the warranty period starts. The restructuring provision is related to expected costs until the end of the settlement of the obligations from employments and other contracts. The other provision is materially related to expected costs from legal risks of projects.

5.12 Accrusals

CHF 1,000 31.12.2022 31.12.2021
Accrued expenses 20,984 21,617
Current income tax payables 282 566
Total accrued expenses 21,266 22,183

The accrued expenses of CHF 21.0 million (prior year: CHF 21.6 million) mainly consist of accruals in relation to employees’ annual leave entitlements, overtime and bonus totaling CHF 11.7 million (prior year: CHF 12.3 million). Additionally, there were outstanding trade payables, and accrued income taxes of CHF 0.4 million (prior year: CHF 0.5 million).

5.13 Shareholders’ equity

Share capital
The share capital as at 31 December 2022 amounts to CHF 1.7 million (prior year: CHF 1.7 million) and consists of 16,712,744 registered shares with a par value of CHF 0.10 per share.

As at 31 December 2022, there are two shareholders with investments of more than 5% in voting rights (Ammann Group Holding AG, Berne 41.9%; Mr. Rudolf Maag, Binningen, 14.1%). No other single shareholder holds 5% or more of the voting rights.

Treasury shares
In 2022, the company granted 79,196 treasury shares to Group Management and other key personnel (prior year: 39,129) and 20,390 treasury shares to the Board of Directors (prior year: 25,095) at no consideration, sold no shares (prior year: none) and acquired 1 treasury share (prior year: none). At 31 December 2022 Mikron Holding AG, Biel owned 174,066 treasury shares (prior year: 273,651 shares).

The statutory or legal reserves which may not be distributed amount to CHF 0.9 million (prior year: CHF 0.9 million). In the year under review, foreign currency translation adjustments of CHF -0.1 million (prior year: CHF -0.1 million) on loans with equity character in foreign currencies (EUR and SGD) were posted directly to shareholders’ equity.

6. Other notes

6.1 Derivative financial instruments

For economically hedged future business transactions in foreign currencies, the Group uses financial instruments. As at the balance sheet date, the Group held the following forward exchange contracts:

CHF 1,000 Replacement value Contract equivalent Contract equivalent by due date
positive negative 0–3 months 3–12 months 1–5 years over 5 years
Balance at 31.12.2021 240 0 14,152 8,126 6,026 0 0
Balance at 31.12.2022 32 0 19,055 15,007 4,048 0 0

The instruments are mainly denominated in euros and US dollars.

The replacement values are disclosed as financial assets (note 5.1) or short-term financial liabilities (note 5.10).

6.2 Assets pledged as security for liabilities

CHF 1,000 31.12.2022 31.12.2021
Real estate (including investment property) pledged as security for liabilities 76,914 73,198
Collateral securities – nominal 90,200 90,200
Loans and mortgages utilized 3,200 3,600
Other assets pledged as security for liabilities 82,973 81,830
Finance lease liabilities (machinery, licenses) 2,375 4,113

As part of the financing arrangements, the borrower notes for the investment property and one production facility in Switzerland were deposited as collateral for the underlying mortgage agreements which were partially called off.

The credit limits made available by the bank consortium were secured by guarantees of CHF 77.0 million. Additionally, the existing borrower notes were deposited as collateral for two production facilities in Switzerland.

In addition, machines and licenses acquired under the terms of leasing agreements were pledged.

6.3 Off-balance sheet lease commitments

CHF 1,000 31.12.2022 31.12.2021
Off-balance sheet lease commitments, payable
– not later than 1 year 2,040 2,542
– later than 1 year but not later than 3 years 2,710 2,489
– later than 3 years but not later than 5 years 1,320 1,286
– later than 5 years 2,338 2,764
Total off-balance sheet lease commitments 8,408 9,081

The future lease payments are mainly related to non-cancelable operating leases for office and production facilities and office equipment. The leases have varying terms and renewal rights.

6.4 Related party transactions

The transactions with related parties and companies consist of commercial business transactions conducted at standard market conditions. These mainly concern relationships with a small number of customers and suppliers.

CHF 1,00020222021
Other operating expenses-27-26
CHF 1,00031.12.202231.12.2021
Other current receivables and prepaid expenses56
Accounts payable55
Other current liabilities and accrued expenses01

The Mikron pension fund owns no shares (prior year: none) of Mikron Holding AG.

6.5 Impairment test on Group level

The Group’s equity of CHF 186.0 million exceeded the Group’s market capitalization of CHF 147.1 million at 31 December 2022 (prior year: CHF 128.7 million). An impairment test was performed which supported the equity of the Group as a whole and for the cash-generating units individually.

6.6 Contingent liabilities
The Group was sued by a customer and a competitor for damages. As the Group is highly confident to be in a strong enough position to avoid paying any damages only the costs to defend the cases in court were provisioned (note 5.11). Due to the very low probability of losing the legal cases it’s not possible to estimate an amount of the contingent liability.

7. Information by segment

7.1 Information by business segment

CHF 1,000Machining SolutionsAutomationCorporate / EliminationsTotal Group
Net sales – third party125,682112,773183,760176,68200309,442289,455
Net sales – Group4788710-54-9800
Total net sales125,729112,861183,767176,692-54-98309,442289,455
Operating result9,2912,50917,49415,796-1,035-29625,75018,009
Earnings before interest
and taxes (EBIT)
CHF 1,000 Machining Solutions Automation Corporate / Eliminations Total Group
31.12.2022 31.12.2021 31.12.2022 31.12.2021 31.12.2022 31.12.2021 31.12.2022 31.12.2021
Assets excluding cash and cash equivalents and current financial assets 118,048 112,711 199,667 154,779 -36,154  -21,985 281,561  245,505
Cash and cash equivalents 4,263 8,302 9,409 12,015 15,531 33,790 29,203 54,107
Current financial assets 0 0 0 0 35,158 427 35,158 427
Total assets 122,311 121,013 209,076 166,794 14,535 12,232 345,922 300,039

7.2 Information by geographical segment

CHF 1,000 Net sales
2022 2021
Switzerland 20,803 18,651
Europe 131,391 126,428
North America 92,846 94,136
Asia/Pacific 61,187 42,670
Others 3,215 7,570
Total net sales 309,442 289,455

8. Net earnings per share

8.1 Weighted average number of shares

Number 2022 2021
Issued shares at 1 January 16,712,744 16,712,744
Issued shares at 31 December 16,712,744 16,712,744
of which treasury shares -174,066 -273,651
Adjusted for weighted average -22,492 -25,974
Weighted average number of shares – basic 16,516,186 16,413,119
Effect of dilution 0 0
Weighted average number of shares – diluted 16,516,186 16,413,119

8.2 Computation of earnings per share

CHF 1,000, except for per share information20222021
Net earnings24,20117,010
Weighted average number of shares – basic16,516,18616,413,119
Net earnings per share – undiluted1.471.04
Weighted average number of shares – diluted16,516,18616,413,119
Net earnings per share – diluted1.471.04